What Causes Knee Conditions?
The knee joint is comprised of four bones. The largest of these is the femur, or thigh bone. Also found in the knee is the tibia, sometimes called the shin bone. Alongside the tibia, on the outside of the leg, is the fibula. The fourth bone found in the knee is the patella or kneecap. Knee pain is a common complaint for which there can be many causes. An accurate diagnosis is very important to determine the cause of your symptoms so that appropriate treatment can be directed at the cause. Your knee joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the knee joint move properly. When any of these structures is injured or diseased, then knee problems will result causing pain and difficulty walking and performing your daily activities. Our Physical Therapists at RestoreRehab Physical Therapy specialize in the treatment of many orthopedic conditions including treatments for many knee pain conditions and injuries.
Some of the most common knee conditions we treat are:
- Ligament injuries (sprains or tears) – Ligament injuries commonly occur during athletic activities and can cause discomfort and instability. There are several types of injuries that can occur to ligaments including:
- Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries
- Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) injuries
- Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) injuries
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) injuries
- Cartilage injuries or tears – These injuries are seen in both young and older populations and can be a common cause of knee pain.
- Medial and Lateral Meniscus tears
- Articular Cartilage injuries
- Kneecap dislocations and pain – Pain specifically located in the kneecap can cause acute symptoms at the time of injury but can also lead to chronic knee pain
- Chondromalecia Patellae
- Knee Cap Dislocation
- Fractured Knee Cap
- Adolescent injuries – Young adults can suffer from genetic malformations that cause knee pain but are also at an increased risk for knee trauma due to athletic injuries.
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease
- Osteochondritis Dissecans
- Fractures – Traumatic injuries in sports or accidents
- Fractured Femur
- Fractured Tibia or Fibula
- Tibial Plateau Fracture
- Muscle Strains
- Quadriceps Strains
- Hamstrings Pulls or strains
- Calf Strains
What are the Symptoms of Knee Conditions?
Symptoms of a problem with the joins usually include:
- Difficulty moving, walking, or bearing weight
- Swelling at site
- Joint Stiffness
- Joint pain and tenderness
How are Knee Conditions Treated?
After conducting a thorough physical examination, our Physical Therapists will treat your knee condition using various interventions. We utilize muscle re-education, stretching and muscle strengthening exercises to improve your range of motion, flexibility, strength and relieve discomfort. Frequently. We incorporate exercises from the Pilates Method on the apparatus in your treatment plan to increase flexibility, encourage muscular control and coordination and restore muscular balance thereby restoring your functional abilities to normal. All of our interventions used by our Doctors of Physical Therapy help in achieving your goals whether it is returning to sports, to work or to return to social activities.